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Information about topography, climate, raw materials and more...

Austria covers an area of 83,871 km², it is situated in the heart of Europe and borders:

  • Germany
  • Czech Republic
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Hungary
  • Italy
  • Lichtenstein and
  • Switzerland

The country is part of the Central European Time zone.

The main urban areas are the capital city of Vienna (population 1,911,728  01.01.2020) and the capitals of the federal provinces:

  • Graz (population 331,359, 01.01.2020)
  • Linz (population 207,843, 01.01.2020) and
  • Salzburg (population 156,841, 01.01.2020).

At 3,798 m Großglockner is the highest mountain in Austria.


The average temperature in summer is around 20°C with maximum temperatures of around 35°C. In winter temperatures can be as low as –15°C, although the average is around -4°C. There can be especially heavy snowfall in the mountain regions. Highest rainfall is in May and June.

Bodies of Water

The most important waterway is the Danube. The largest lake is the Neusiedel Lake in Burgenland - around 77% of its total area of 315 km² is in Austria, the rest is part of Hungary. The Attersee Lake has an area of 46 km², the Traunsee is 24 km². Also a part of Lake Constance (Bodensee), 24 km², lies in Austria (from a total area of 536 km²).

Raw Materials

The following raw materials are mined in Austria:

  • Iron ore
  • Lignite (brown coal)
  • Crude oil and natural gas
  • Magnesite
  • Silica sand
  • Gypsum
  • Lead and zinc ore
  • Graphite and kaoline

Salt mining also plays a significant role and another key raw material from Austria is wood.


Here you can find Interactive Austria maps .

Last modified
17 March 2020